Arthroscopy Closed Knee Surgery
Arthroscopy Closed Knee Surgery
Arthroscopy closed knee surgeryIt is the most common method used for the treatment of people with knee-related disorders. It is mostly preferred in the treatment of conditions such as meniscus tears, cruciate ligament tears, cartilage problems and early stage calcification. It can be treated with arthroscopy surgery without opening the joints. Arthroscopy is performed by a specialist physician in cases of diseases such as knee injuries and injuries.
arthroscopy It is also used in the treatment of problems occurring in joint parts such as shoulder, elbow, ankle, wrist, big toe and thumb, as well as the knee. Arthroscopy, which was previously used only for diagnosis, is now used for both diagnosis and treatment purposes due to the development of today's technology.
Content of the article
- Arthroscopy Closed Knee Surgery
- When is Arthroscopy Closed Knee Surgery Performed?
- How is Arthroscopy Surgery Performed?
- After Arthroscopy Surgery
- Benefits and Risks of Arthroscopy Surgery
- In Which Situations Should I Consult a Doctor?
When is Arthroscopy Closed Knee Surgery Performed?
Knee arthroscopy surgery is performed if the patient has damaged cartilage in the knee. Other reasons can be listed as follows;
- Treatment of meniscus tears
- In case of rupture of anterior cruciate ligaments
- Cartilage transplant or cartilage shift
- In the filing of damaged joint cartilages
- Stretching tense ligaments
- In the removal of free parts circulating in the joint
- It is also frequently applied in diseases related to synovial tissue. Knee arthroscopy is a very successful and reliable treatment method developed to eliminate knee problems. It is constantly applied today.
How is Arthroscopy Surgery Performed?
Arthroscopy surgery is performed under general or local anesthesia. General anesthesia relaxes the muscles of your whole body, allowing you to fall into a deep sleep. In local and regional anesthesia, only the part to be performed is anesthetized. During this time, the patient does not fall asleep but does not feel any pain. All types of anesthesia are used to ensure that the patient does not suffer during the surgical procedure.
The specialist doctor opens several holes in the knee and places the arthroscope or several instruments into the knee joint. By injecting fluid into the knee, the joints expand and the structure of the tissue and cartilage is seen. This way the doctor looks at the knee and sees if there is a problem. If there is damaged cartilage, it is treated or some of it is destroyed by chipping. When the surgery is completed, the arthroscope and other instruments are removed. The opened holes are closed by stitching.
After Arthroscopy Surgery
Arthroscopy closed knee surgery Afterwards, the patient can return home on the same day. The patient should rest well for 3-4 days. After surgery;
- The patient should use crutches until he or she can walk normally.
- While you are resting at home, lift your legs up and ensure that your ankle is higher than your knee and your knee is higher than your hip.
- You can put ice on your knee for 20-30 minutes several times a day until the symptoms go away.
- Try to bend your knee as quickly as possible.
- If your damaged cartilage is not chipped and treated, you can use your crutches for a longer time.
- Change the bandage on your leg at the end of the fourth day and you can wrap it again with a new patch or gauze.
Benefits and Risks of Arthroscopy Surgery
Arthroscopy closed knee surgery Because of this, adults are treated without making any incisions. Since small incisions are made, it heals in a shorter time than open knee surgery. As with every surgical procedure, it has various risks. Only arthroscopy surgery has a lower risk of developing complications compared to other surgical methods. If patients who have had arthroscopy surgery experience any of the following complications, you should definitely consult your doctor.
- If the surgery will be performed with general anesthesia, other risks may arise. You should discuss this with your specialist physician.
- Redness and high fever that do not subside in the shadow of the knee.
- In case the surgery area swells too much.
- Local anesthesia is a safer method for patients with certain diseases. Although local anesthesia is rare, it may not numb the area and the patient may feel uncomfortable, or types of anesthesia may cause allergies in the patient.
- If the vessels and nerves around the knee are damaged, numbness or weakness may occur below the knee.
- Clot formation may occur in the deep veins in the legs.
- There is a risk of infection and bleeding.
In Which Situations Should I Consult a Doctor?
- If there is excessive discharge in the holes opened in the process area.
- If the pain is too severe to bear.
- If the patient has a high fever.
- When signs of infection appear.
- If conditions such as locking occur in the patient's knee, you should consult a doctor without delay.