Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients
Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients
Hip fractures generally occur more frequently in elderly patients. In addition to the elderly, hip fractures are also possible in young people and children with weak bone structure or osteoporosis. Today, it is seen in at least one in every five elderly people.
Content of the article
- Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients
- Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients Symptoms
- What Should Be Done to Prevent Hip Fracture?
- After Hip Fracture Surgery
- Hip Fracture Treatment
Hip fracture in elderly patients It is mostly seen due to the following situations.
- Entering menopause.
- calcium deficiency
- vitamin D deficiency
- low physical activity
- endocrine disorder
- People who use addictive substances are also more likely to have hip fractures. Some cancers weaken the hip bone and this causes hip fractures. In such patients, the risk of hip fracture is determined and surgical procedures are performed to protect the hip from fracture and to support the hip bone.
Hip Fracture Symptoms in Elderly Patients
The biggest symptom seen in the elderly and all people with hip fractures is pain. A person with a hip fracture cannot sit, lie down, or walk on their hip, or has great difficulty walking. However, serious bruises and redness may occur on the hip. In children, symptoms such as restlessness and crying may be observed. The person with a hip fracture should be taken to the hospital by ambulance and receive urgent intervention by doctors.
What Should Be Done to Prevent Hip Fracture?
The most important factor to protect against hip fracture is the strength of our body skeleton. Having a strong body skeleton prevents a high risk of hip fracture. The body skeleton strengthens and develops thanks to the calcium and minerals taken between the ages of 18-22. In this age range, sufficient calcium and vitamin D should be taken to strengthen bones, addictive substances should not be used, and bone density measurement should be performed regularly. Foods that should be consumed for vitamin D and calcium supplements are as follows:
- Dairy products
- green leafy vegetables
- Fish oil
- Foods such as bakery products are foods that should be consumed to strengthen the skeletal structure between the ages of 18-22.
After Hip Fracture Surgery
Hip fracture surgery heals in an average of 6-8 weeks. Depending on the person's general health condition, exercise activities, and whether or not he smokes, recovery may take longer. The union of the patient's hip fracture is checked with hip x-rays. The recovery process may take up to 3 months depending on the person. Hip fracture in elderly patients People who received prosthetic treatment during surgery can start walking the day after surgery. In the treatment performed with a nail or plate to fuse the fracture together, the patient walks with the help of crutches.
Hip fracture in elderly patients Exercises that can be done after surgery are very important for you to regain your health and be able to walk sooner. If you would like to get information about the exercises to be done after the surgery, you can also check out the other articles on our page.
Hip Fracture Treatment
Hip fracture treatment is usually done with surgery. In previous times, prosthetic treatment was the first treatment used in hip fracture cases. Since deep wounds occur in the prosthesis treatment of hip fractures, nail, screw or plate treatment is evaluated to heal the broken bone before prosthesis. The treatment method is decided according to the patient's age, walking potential, location and shape of the fracture. Prosthetic treatment is mostly applied to the elderly. In hip fractures in young children, surgery is preferred if the fractures are separated from each other. However, if the fractures are not separated from each other, they are put in a cast and the fracture is expected to heal on its own.