Osteoporosis in the Elderly
Osteoporosis in the Elderly
It refers to the condition in which bones lose density and become brittle over time. Osteoporosis in the elderlyIt occurs as a result of the loss of calcium and other minerals from the bones.
It can easily cause fractures through falls and increase the risk of fractures in elderly individuals, especially in the hip and waist areas. Regular exercise, healthy nutrition and compliance with doctor's recommendations are important. It can reduce or control the risk.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis in the Elderly
If the spine bones weaken, pain may occur. Pain may increase over time. Hunchback may occur as a result of loss of spinal bones. It shows that the person's height has become shorter and the body position has changed. It may cause arms and legs to break more easily. Wrist, hip and vertebral fractures are especially common.
It may cause posture disorders. People can take a more forward-leaning position. Because it causes bones to weaken, it may cause more frequent falls in older individuals. The healing process may be longer.
It can also cause the jaw bones to weaken, which can lead to tooth loss. Osteoporosis in the elderly symptoms It may differ from person to person. It may not always be obvious.
It is important to see a doctor if you suspect your symptoms or think you may be at risk. The doctor can evaluate your health by performing tests such as a DEXA scan. He or she can recommend treatment measures when necessary.
Factors That Cause Osteoporosis in the Elderly
Increasing age causes bone density to naturally decrease. With age, bone regeneration slows down and its loss increases. Family history plays an important role in health. If there is a history of the disease in your family, this may put you at risk.
Women have a higher risk than men, especially in the post-menopausal period. Dropping estrogen hormone levels in the post-menopausal period can accelerate bone loss in women. Calcium and vitamin D deficiency can negatively affect health.
Malnutrition can lead to weakening of bones. The risk may increase in people who do not exercise regularly or are sedentary. Exercise can help strengthen. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can negatively affect health. Some medications can accelerate loss.
Particularly long-term use of corticosteroids may increase the risk. Chronic health problems such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis can have negative effects. Osteoporosis in the elderly It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to reduce risk factors and maintain health.
Treatment Methods for Osteoporosis in the Elderly
Hormone therapy is a recommended treatment method, especially for post-menopausal women. It is also called hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake is important for bone health in the elderly. You should take the supplements recommended by your doctor. A balanced diet can support bone health.
It is important to consume foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. Additionally, regular exercise can strengthen bones. Supports weight-bearing exercises such as walking, running and cycling. Improving safety at home is important to reduce the risk of falls.
Precautions such as non-slip carpets, handrails and good lighting can be taken. Elderly people who are at risk of the disease should see their doctor regularly. The doctor will perform the necessary tests to evaluate treatment. Osteoporosis in the elderly treatment It may vary depending on the person's condition and risk factors. Therefore, you should consult a specialist and create your individual treatment plan.