Robotic Knee Prosthesis Surgery
Robotic Knee Prosthesis Surgery
It is a surgery performed for those who lose their mobility due to knee joint problems. Robotic knee replacement surgery, involves the use of robotic surgical systems. It helps the doctor place the prosthesis in the joint precisely. Robotic technology contributes to performing surgery more accurately and effectively. Thus, patients' pain is reduced and the healing process is accelerated.
In Which Situations Is Robotic Knee Prosthesis Surgery Performed?
It is applied when the joint is severely damaged due to osteoarthritis. Surgery may also be considered to relieve symptoms and restore function, such as pain and limitation of movement. Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis can lead to inflammation in the joint. This may cause damage. Surgery may be a treatment option in such cases.
Conditions such as severe trauma, bone fractures or ligament tears can impair its function. It may be required for the treatment of injuries. It may be used to compensate for bone loss if the area has had bone damage due to bone cancer and another type of cancer. If conservative treatment methods fail to correct the problems, doctors consider surgery.
Robotic knee replacement surgeryIt offers a more sensitive and personalized approach than traditional prosthesis surgery. Therefore, it may be an option for suitable disease states. However, every patient is different. The decision for surgery is made by doctors depending on the patient's specific condition and needs.
What are the Stages of Robotic Knee Prosthesis Surgery?
First, the patient is evaluated by an orthopedic surgeon. The problems and medical history of the patient are examined. The condition of the knee joint is determined using radiological imaging (for example, X-rays or MRI).
The surgeon decides how the surgery will be performed depending on the patient's condition. If a robotic surgery system is to be used, the surgery plan is created under the guidance of the robotic surgeon.
On the day of surgery, the patient is usually anesthetized with general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision on the front or side of the joint. It cleans damaged or degenerative tissues and moves on to the preparation phase.
The previously prepared prosthesis (knee implant) is placed in the joint. The prosthesis is fixed on the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) bones. The knee joint is moved and tests are performed to ensure the prosthesis is placed correctly. After the prosthesis is placed, the surgeon stitches the muscle and other tissues and closes the skin portion.
The patient's recovery process begins. The length of hospital stay and rehabilitation process may vary depending on the patient's condition. Robotic surgery provides the surgeon with better visibility and precision. In this way, it can help complete the surgery with a better result.
However, the success of the surgery does not depend only on the surgeon's experience and the patient's condition. It also requires a good rehabilitation process and patient cooperation. Robotic knee replacement surgery It is important to discuss with the doctor whether you are a suitable candidate for surgery and the post-operative period.
Things to Consider After Robotic Knee Prosthesis Surgery
Follow the instructions given by your doctor exactly during the post-operative period. Take your medications regularly and come to your appointments on time.
Follow the exercise program recommended by your physiotherapist regularly. It will help strengthen muscles and restore joint mobility.
Rest increases the body's chances of healing. Keeping your feet in an elevated position can reduce swelling. You can slightly raise the head of your bed.
Maintaining a healthy diet supports the body's healing process. Be careful to eat in accordance with your dietitian's recommendations. It is important to keep the pain under control. Take recommended painkillers regularly.
Pay attention to wound care to reduce the risk of infection after surgery. Keep the wound clean and dry, watch for signs of infection (redness, swelling, fever, etc.) and contact your doctor immediately. Be careful for the first few weeks, you may use a walker or cane to help maintain balance. Remove or fix any obstacles in the home.
Smoking and alcohol use can negatively affect the healing process, so avoid these substances. Care for your stitches and scars according to instructions. Ask your doctor when the stitches should be removed. Use assistive devices if necessary to make your daily tasks at home easier. For example, you can use a shoe remover or extender.
The post-operative period can be challenging. Therefore, reach out to family members, friends or a therapist for emotional support. Robotic knee replacement surgery post-healing process It may differ from person to person. Exactly following your doctor's recommendations is important for a fast and healthy recovery process.