Total Hip Replacement
Total Hip Replacement
The hip joint is the largest joint in the body and is located between the pelvic bone and the thigh bone. total hip replacement This joint is necessary to carry the weight of the body and perform activities such as walking and running with balance. Hip joint damage is due to reasons such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bone necrosis and trauma. This damage can occur in the cartilage, bone, muscle, or ligaments surrounding the joint. People with hip joint damage often experience symptoms such as severe pain, limited movement, and weakness.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery
It is done to remove the damaged joint and replace it with an artificial joint. It is usually made of metal, ceramics and plastic. It is designed to mimic natural movements. The operation is usually performed by orthopedic surgeons. Patients may need to be under general anesthesia.
It helps patients live a more active life by reducing pain and limitation of movement. However, like any surgery, total hip replacement Surgery also carries risks. These risks should be explained to the patient by the surgeon. After surgery, patients may need physical therapy. Sometimes pain medications may also be prescribed.
Stages of Total Hip Replacement Surgery
Before the surgery, a detailed evaluation is made between the patient and the surgeon. The patient's general health condition is evaluated and necessary medical tests are performed. Additionally, the patient is informed about how the surgery will take place and the recovery process. General anesthesia is usually administered during the surgery, which ensures that the patient is asleep and does not feel pain.
However, in some cases, spinal anesthesia or epidural anesthesia may be preferred. The surgeon makes an incision on the hip. This incision is usually above the hip muscles and may be on the front or side of the hip. After the incision, the surgeon exposes the hip joint. This process is usually done by separating the skin, fat and muscle tissues.
The old, damaged hip joint is removed. This is done to replace the natural joint between the femur bone (thigh bone) and the pelvic bones. A prosthetic implant is placed in place of the removed joint. Dentures are usually made of metal, ceramic or plastic materials. It is designed to hold tightly to bones. After the prosthesis is placed, the surgeon closes the incision.
Stitches can be used under and above the skin. In some cases, the surgeon may also use surgical adhesive or tapes to perform this procedure. Total hip replacement surgery post- The patient is kept under observation for a few hours and then discharged.
During the recovery process, rehabilitation begins, guided by a physiotherapist. During this process, the patient gradually begins to walk, strengthen his hip muscles, and return to normal daily activities. The exact stages of the surgery may vary depending on the surgeon and the patient's condition. An individual treatment plan should be created for each patient.
After Total Hip Replacement Surgery
The healing process may vary from person to person. Depending on the patient's health condition, the patient will stay in the hospital for a few days after hip replacement surgery. He or she may need to participate in a physical therapy or rehabilitation program. These programs allow the patient to perform post-operative strengthening exercises. It also helps him relearn walking and other daily activities. total hip replacement Afterwards, patients return to their normal activities within a few weeks.
However, a certain recovery period may be required for more strenuous activities and sports. By talking to their doctors, patients get information about which activities to do and when. They should also receive instructions on what not to do. Overall, quality of life usually improves after surgery. Patients can lead a more active lifestyle. Patients need to be in close communication with their doctors before and after surgery. It is important for them to follow the doctor's recommendations.
Things to Consider After Total Hip Replacement
There are some points that patients should pay attention to during the post-operative recovery process. These include using the medications recommended by the doctor regularly. It also includes participating in recommended physical therapies and gradually increasing walking and other activities. The recovery process depends on the patient's general health, age and functional status before surgery.
But usually, patients begin to walk pain-free within a few weeks after surgery. They usually return to normal daily activities within 6 to 12 weeks. total hip replacement, physical therapy helps the patient regain muscle strength and mobility.