Total Hip Replacement Surgery

Total Hip Replacement Surgery

It is the replacement of a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial joint. Total hip replacement surgery, It is performed to reduce hip pain and increase mobility. It is preferred in cases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or hip fractures. It is usually performed under general anesthesia. The patient's age, health status and postoperative rehabilitation process affect success. Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery process. Recovery after the operation may take several months.

In Which Situations Is Total Hip Replacement Surgery Performed?

Total Hip Replacement Surgery It is a condition in which the cartilage tissue on the hip joint wears out over time, causing pain, swelling and limitation of movement in the joint. Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis can lead to arthritis and joint damage over time. The hip joint may also be affected by this condition. Hip fractures or other serious trauma can damage the hip joint. In this situation total hip replacement surgery may require.

Femoral head necrosis, as a result of interruption of blood flow to the femoral head, can damage the hip joint. Conditions such as congenital hip dysplasia can cause problems with hip joint development. He may require a prosthesis in later ages. These conditions often come with severe pain, limitation of movement, and a significant decrease in quality of life. Surgical intervention is an option to relieve the symptoms of these conditions and improve the patient's quality of life. However total hip replacement surgery You should consult a doctor beforehand. It is important to create a treatment plan that suits your individual situation.

How is Total Hip Replacement Surgery Performed?

Total hip replacement surgery Beforehand, the patient's general health condition is evaluated. Necessary blood tests, imaging tests such as x-ray and MRI are performed. The patient is informed about the process, risks and what to do next. General anesthesia or spinal/epidural anesthesia is applied to prevent pain during the operation. The surgeon makes an incision on the side of the thigh to access the hip joint. The joint is reached by carefully cutting the muscles and tissues. Parts of the hip joint that are damaged or worn are removed. The upper part of the thigh bone (femoral head) and hip socket (acetabulum) are cleaned. New joint parts are usually made of metal and plastic or ceramic materials. Prostheses are placed appropriately. A metal stem is placed inside the femur and the prosthetic head is attached to it. A new prosthetic socket is also placed in the hip socket. It is checked whether the new joint is working properly.

It is checked whether the mobility and harmony between the joints are ensured. If necessary, prosthetic parts are fixed with additional bone cement. Then, the cut muscles and tissues are carefully stitched together. The skin is usually closed with stitches or staples. A dressing is applied to the incision area. After the operation, the patient stays in the hospital for a few days for pain control, infection prevention and a physical therapy program. Physical therapy is important to regain mobility and strengthen the joint. The patient should avoid certain movements and perform certain exercises, following the doctor's recommendations. Total hip replacement surgery, It is an effective method to improve patients' quality of life and reduce pain. However, as with any surgical procedure, this surgery may have risks and complications. Therefore, it is important to have a detailed evaluation with a doctor beforehand.

Things to Consider After Total Hip Replacement Surgery

Total Hip Replacement Surgery Follow the exercise program recommended by your physiotherapist regularly. Gradually increase your weight-bearing capacity by using assistive devices such as a cane or walker. After total hip replacement surgery Be careful not to bend your leg more than 90 degrees. Avoid bending your leg excessively by using high chairs and toilet risers. While lying on your back, keep your hips stable by placing a pillow between your legs.

Put on your shoes and socks by lying down or using special equipment. Change dressings as and as often as recommended by your doctor. Watch for signs of infection such as redness, swelling, discharge, or fever. Report these symptoms to your doctor immediately. Take the painkillers prescribed by your doctor regularly. Take full use of prescribed antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection. Take medications prescribed to prevent blood clots at the recommended dosage.

Do not neglect your regular check-ups on the dates specified by your doctor. Get the necessary tests to monitor your recovery. Follow a nutrition program rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. Maintain your body's hydration level by drinking adequate amounts of water daily. If you are overweight, losing weight will reduce the pressure on your hips. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption as these substances can negatively affect your healing process. These steps total hip replacement surgery Supporting the post-operative recovery process is important to increase long-term success. It would always be best to follow your doctor's advice and consult your doctor when you have problems.