What is Hip Replacement Surgery?

What is Hip Replacement Surgery?

It is performed to relieve pain and limitation of movement due to hip joint problems. This surgical procedure hip replacement surgery It is called. It is a surgical procedure performed with a prosthesis, which is an artificial joint placed on the hip joint. It is used in patients with serious hip problems such as surgery, arthritis, fractures, and arthritis.

In Which Situations Is Hip Replacement Surgery Performed?

Hip joint calcification occurs as a result of damage to the joint surfaces and wear of the joint cartilage. This condition can cause severe pain, stiffness and limited movement. Surgery may be an option to relieve pain and distress due to this arthritis.

Fractures usually occur as a result of falls in elderly individuals. The operation can be used to treat fractures. Rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can damage the joint. It can also cause joint inflammation. In this case, surgery may be necessary to stabilize the joint and reduce pain.

Bone death (aseptic necrosis) may occur due to insufficient blood flow to the hip bone. This can damage the joint and cause pain. Hip replacement surgerycan be used to treat this condition. It may occur due to joint inflammation, infection, or other causes.

Surgery may be required to clean the infected joint and replace it with a new one. Other conditions related to hip joint problems may also require surgery. These conditions are considered when they cause serious effects on the patient's pain, limitation of movement and quality of life.

Since the surgery is a surgical procedure, it may carry risks and its suitability for the patient should be carefully evaluated. A detailed evaluation is carried out by their doctor to determine whether the patient is suitable for this type of surgery. When surgery is required and what type of prosthesis will be used are determined individually by the patient.

Hip Replacement Surgery Stages

What is Hip Replacement Surgery?

First, the patient is evaluated by an orthopedic surgeon. The patient's history is taken and a physical examination is performed. X-rays or other imaging tests are performed if necessary.

If the patient is a suitable candidate, surgery is planned. The prosthesis type (metal-polyethylene, ceramic, etc.) and size are determined. General anesthesia or epidural anesthesia is applied to prevent the patient from feeling pain during the surgery.

The surgeon cuts through the skin and underlying tissues to gain access to the hip joint. This may be an incision, usually made over the hip muscles. The surgeon removes the damaged or degenerative joint. During this procedure, some of the bone tissues may also be removed.

The new prosthesis is prepared and placed correctly in the joint space by the surgeon. The prosthesis can be bonded to the bones or secured with screws and other attachments. Stitches or surgical tape are used to close the incision. It is necessary to monitor the patient's progress after surgery. Regular follow-up appointments are made to detect any complications.

Hip replacement surgerymay vary depending on the patient's age, health status and complexity of the surgery. It is very important for patients to follow the instructions recommended by the doctor in the postoperative period. Because this can speed up the healing process and increase the chances of success. Postoperative pain management is important. Measures to reduce the risk of infection and rehabilitation ensure the success of the surgery.

Recovery Process After Hip Replacement Surgery

What is Hip Replacement Surgery?

After surgery, patients usually stay in the hospital for a few days. In this process, intravenous antibiotic treatment can be applied to reduce the risk of infection. Post-operative pain is one of the most common problems faced by patients.

Doctors prescribe medications to manage pain, and it is important for patients to take these medications regularly. Physical therapy helps patients regain mobility.

The physical therapist recommends exercises to increase muscle strength and flexibility and re-teach walking and other daily activities. During the recovery process, supportive devices such as a wheelchair, walker or cane are used. These devices can help maintain balance and reduce the risk of falls in the postoperative period.

Certain movements and positions are important in the postoperative period. These are necessary to help keep the prosthesis intact. Your doctor will give you recommendations on this matter. It is important that the surgical area is clean and protected from infection.

It is important to follow wound care instructions and watch for signs of infection. A full recovery process can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. Recovery time may vary from person to person. It is important to follow your doctor's recommendations to speed up recovery.

During the postoperative period, your doctor will schedule regular follow-up appointments. During these checks, the condition of the prosthesis and the healing process are evaluated. Recovery process after hip replacement surgeryvaries depending on the person's previous health condition.

It may also vary depending on the complexity of the surgery. You must follow your doctor's recommendations. You should attend physical therapy and proceed with caution. This way, you can experience a faster and more effective recovery process. If you experience any complications after surgery, you should contact your doctor immediately.