What is Knee Replacement Surgery?
What is Knee Replacement Surgery?
Procedure performed to treat problems such as pain and loss of function in the knee joint knee replacement surgery It is called. This application may be required in cases where the knee joint is damaged.
Before the surgery begins, the patient is usually given general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the front or lateral part of the joint. He opens the capsule of the knee joint and begins to examine the inside of the joint. Damaged joint surfaces are removed from the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) bones. A prosthesis of appropriate size is placed in the joint location. The prosthesis is properly fixed to the bones. The joint capsule is stitched back together. The incisions are closed with stitches or clips.
Knee replacement surgery It can often help relieve pain and movement restrictions. However, like any surgical procedure, it has risks and complications. Therefore, you should talk to your doctor in detail about the advantages, risks and consequences of surgery. The healing process may differ from person to person. It may vary depending on the patient's age, general health, and how they respond to surgery.
Knee Replacement Surgery Recovery Process
You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. It is important to control pain and monitor complications in the first 24-48 hours after surgery. Physical therapists can teach exercises to increase the patient's mobility. Pain and swelling after application are normal. Your doctor may recommend painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications. It is important to take medications regularly.
Physical therapy helps you regain muscle strength and range of motion. Your physiotherapist will design a personalized exercise program for you. It is important to start walking slowly after application. You may need to use a walker or support at first. Loading techniques appropriate to the area where the prosthesis is placed are taught. In the post-application period, infection, blood clots or other prosthesis-related problems are monitored. Therefore, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions.
After hospital discharge, it is necessary to continue home care and exercise program. It may take several months for it to fully heal and become stronger. Knee replacement surgery The time it takes to return to normal daily activities may vary from person to person. A return to a more active lifestyle is usually possible within 3 to 6 months. A knee replacement can be a long-term solution, but may require maintenance over time. It is important to have regular medical checkups to ensure that your denture is working properly and not causing problems.
Things to Consider After Surgery
In the following period, you should follow your doctor's recommendations exactly. Take medications regularly and contact your doctor with any questions or concerns. Be sure to follow the rehabilitation program determined by your doctor or physiotherapist. Exercises help you strengthen muscles and regain mobility. Start the movement slowly and gradually increase it according to the healing process. Knee replacement surgery Avoid overly strenuous activities afterwards.
Maintaining a healthy diet can speed up your recovery process. Be careful to eat in accordance with the recommendations of your doctor or dietitian. Keep the area clean and dry. If you notice signs of infection (redness, swelling, fever, etc.), inform your doctor immediately. If you experience pain, swelling, redness, or any discomfort, contact your doctor immediately. Use the medications recommended by your doctor regularly. Do not neglect your medications to relieve complaints such as pain or inflammation.
Postoperative wound care is important. Keep the wound clean and dry, change dressings in a timely manner. Also, take care in accordance with your doctor's recommendations. Smoking and alcohol can negatively affect the healing process. Therefore, avoid these substances in the post-operative period. Consider getting help with daily activities. You can ask for support from your family or close friends.
Knee replacement surgery Things to consider in the postoperative period vary depending on the person's age, condition and type of surgery. Therefore, it is very important to take into account your doctor's recommendations and instructions. The recovery process may vary depending on individual factors. That's why it's important to be patient and consult professional healthcare professionals when necessary.