What is Meniscus Surgery?
What is Meniscus Surgery?
It is a surgical procedure performed in case of injury to the cartilage structures called meniscus in the knee joint. meniscus surgeryIt is used to relieve or solve problems such as knee pain, swelling and limitation of movement. It is usually performed with minimally invasive methods and provides rapid recovery for the patient.
In Which Situations Is Meniscus Surgery Performed?
Menisci are subject to tears that occur through sports injuries or with age. meniscus tearIt may cause pain, swelling and limitation of movement in the knee and may require treatment.
If it becomes pinched or locked in the knee joint, this may be necessary to resolve the problem. This condition limits normal movement of the knee. It may be considered in people who experience long-term pain that does not respond to treatment due to tear or damage.
In young and active individuals, the tear or damage affects the ability to continue sports and physical activities. Surgical intervention may be on the agenda. Sometimes it does not improve with conservative treatment methods. In such cases, surgical intervention may be required.
Surgery is usually done in two main types, partial meniscectomy and meniscus repair. Which type of operation will be performed may vary depending on the type, location and severity of the injury.
meniscus surgery is considered, it is evaluated by an orthopedic surgeon. You should get recommendations on treatment options. Every patient is different, so the treatment approach is personalized and determined by need.
Meniscus Surgery Stages
Based on patient complaints and examination results, the doctor diagnoses the injury. Generally, radiological imaging methods (such as MRI) are used. The extent and type of injury is determined.
During the pre-operative preparation process, the patient's medical history is evaluated and his/her suitability for anesthesia is evaluated. Surgical intervention usually takes place under local anesthesia. General anesthesia can also be applied.
The choice of anesthesia depends on the patient's condition and the surgeon's preferences. The surgeon makes a small incision to open the knee joint. The incision is used to allow the surgeon access.
The main stage of the surgery is the repair or removal of damaged meniscus tissue. If there is a repairable area, the surgeon may attempt to repair it with stitches or similar methods. If it is damaged beyond repair, he or she may remove the relevant section.
If a repair has been made, the surgeon closes the tissue with appropriate stitches. This step is done with care as it requires a delicate process. In the first few days, knee swelling and pain are controlled and movement restrictions can be applied for a certain period of time.
The patient performs exercises to strengthen the knee and regain its flexibility. meniscus surgery post- The healing process may vary from person to person. It is important to follow your surgeon's recommendations. It is also important to follow the rehabilitation program under the guidance of your physical therapist.
The healing process can usually take from a few weeks to a few months. Post-operative symptoms such as pain and swelling are normal. However, you should take your doctor's advice into consideration during this process.
Things to Consider After Meniscus Surgery
It is important to rest and allow the body to heal. Rest for the recommended time. Use prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications regularly.
Pay attention to recommended wound care to promote wound healing. Perform wound cleaning and dressing changes regularly to prevent wound infection.
Begin physical therapy within the recommended time frame. Physical therapy will help you strengthen your knee and regain mobility. It will also help you increase your flexibility.
You may need to use crutches or a walker. It is important to ease weight bearing and protect your knee. Observe weight bearing restrictions. Neglecting weight-bearing restrictions can negatively impact recovery.
You may need to use a splint or brace that immobilizes your knee. Edema and swelling are normal in the post-surgical period. Regular application of ice and elevating your leg can relieve these symptoms.
A good diet will support your body's healing process. Try to eat in accordance with the diet plan recommended by your dietitian. Don't forget to go to follow-up appointments regularly.
It is important to follow the recovery process after the operation. meniscus surgery post- If you experience any problems during the period, do not hesitate to contact your surgeon. Your doctor will create the most appropriate recovery plan for you.