What is Osteoporosis? What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

What is Osteoporosis? What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a genetically inherited disease that can progress without any symptoms in its early stages, resulting in a decrease in bone density and deterioration in bone structure, making the bones weaker and more fragile.

Among the factors that cause osteoporosis, inadequate nutrition in terms of vitamin D and calcium, which are important for bone health, lack of sunlight and a sedentary life come to the fore. However, some diseases such as rheumatic diseases and hormonal diseases can cause osteoporosis. In addition, drugs used in the treatment of some diseases can cause deterioration in bone structure and lead to osteoporosis. People with a family history of osteoporosis have a higher risk of contracting this disease. Therefore, people in this group need to have their bone density measured at an early stage and undergo necessary checks.

What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

The main symptoms of osteoporosis include pain in the bones. Pain in bones in different parts of the body, especially in the back, waist and neck area, is among the main symptoms of osteoporosis. In addition, shortening in height, stooping and posture disorders are among the symptoms of osteoporosis. In cases where the disease is advanced, bone fractures may occur. Wrist and hip fractures are the most common fractures. Due to osteoporosis, bones in the body can easily crack and break.

Bone formation in the body continues until the early forties in men and the mid-thirties in women. When sufficient bone formation does not occur during this process, problems such as osteoporosis may arise, which negatively affects the person's quality of life in later ages. Therefore, since an active life based on healthy nutrition, exercise and sports is very important in maintaining bone health, these issues should be taken into consideration during the process of bone formation before the symptoms of the disease appear.